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Basic Introduction to Textile Machinery


Textile machinery is the various mechanical equipment required to process natural or chemical fibers into textiles. Although the machinery for producing chemical fibers includes various chemical machinery, it is now considered an extension of textile machinery and belongs to the broad category of textile machinery. The processes required to process different fibers such as cotton, linen, silk, and wool into textiles vary, some of which are completely different, resulting in a wide variety of machines required. Textile machinery is usually classified according to production processes, including spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing and dyeing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber drawing equipment, silk reeling equipment, and nonwoven fabric equipment. Spinning equipment is divided into two categories: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Cotton and cotton type chemical fibers belong to the short fiber category, while wool, linen, silk, and their blended chemical fibers belong to the long fiber category. The processing procedures for the two types of fibers are different, and the equipment cannot be interchangeable, except that the design principles of some machines are similar. Even if the structure of the same type of equipment is similar to that of the machine, it is generally not universal due to the different properties of the raw materials and the final requirements for the fabric.

Textile machinery is the production method and material foundation of the textile industry, and its technical level, quality, and manufacturing cost are directly related to the development of the textile industry.